The foundation of the confectionary, chocolate, and ice cream industries in the 1800s saw diabetes and obesity levels rise astronomically, and in time has led to the correlation between sugar and obesity and type 2 diabetes.
Official estimates are that 1 in 11 people in the US have diabetes; 1 in 16 in the UK. Worldwide, the number of adults living with diabetes has quadrupled in less than 40 years.
A new, fascinating BMJ article asks why, despite best efforts, have these epidemics gone unchecked?
Until recently, fat consumption and total energy balance have dominated the debate about obesity and health.
However, recent thinking is that sugar should be targeted not only for its calories but as a potential causal agent of disease, i.e. that it is harmful in addition to being fattening. Some research indicates sugar is a prime suspect for causing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
More research to determine sugar’s dangers needs to be undertaken, but in the meantime, we need to reconsider consumption levels.