The foci for 2019 are:
There are different types of migraine involving different symptoms so not everyone gets a “typical” migraine.
Migraine is an inherited tendency to have headaches with sensory disturbance. It’s an instability in the way the brain deals with incoming sensory information, and that instability can become influenced by physiological changes like sleep, exercise and hunger.
There are a range of other types.
A typical migraine is one-sided and throbbing. In fact, headaches that are one-sided, headaches that throb and headaches that make you feel sick are more likely to be migraines than anything else.
Migraines are often severe enough to be disabling. Some people need to go to bed to sleep off their headache.
Migraine without aura: Attacks of migraine without aura last between four and 72 hours when untreated or unsuccessfully treated.
The headache is usually on one side of the head with a throbbing or pulsating pain that affects your normal daily life and worsens when you take everyday exercise such as walking or climbing stairs.
During this type of migraine, you are likely to feel sick and may vomit or have diarrhoea. You may also become sensitive to light and/or sound.
People who experience migraine with aura will have many or all the symptoms of a migraine without aura, with additional neurological symptoms which develop over a five to 20-minute period and last less than an hour. Visual disturbances can include:
There's no specific test to diagnose migraines. For an accurate diagnosis to be made, your GP must identify a pattern of recurring headaches along with the associated symptoms.
Migraines can be unpredictable, sometimes occurring without the other symptoms. Obtaining an accurate diagnosis can sometimes take time.
There is currently no cure for migraine but there are several treatments that may help: